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A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Abrasion Resistance
The resistance to scratching of a surface of paper by other paper surfaces or other materials.

Absorbency
The ability of a paper to take up moisture.

Accordion Fold
A type of paper folding in which each fold runs in the opposite direction to the previous fold creating a pleated or accordion affect.

Acetate
A transparent or translucent plastic sheet material of a variety of colors, used as a basis for artwork and overlays.

Achromatic
Black, white and gray.

Acid Resist
An acid-proof protective coating applied to metal plates prior to etching designs thereon. Bichromated solutions employed in photoengraving as sensitizers provide acid resist through the action of light on sensitized surface.

Acrylic
A water-soluble polymer used in paints to make them dry tough and flexible.

Actinic Rays
Light exposure that affects chemical changes in paper.

Additive Colors
In photographic reproduction, the primary colors of red, green and blue which are mixed to form all other colors.

Aerate
This refers to a manual process whereby an air stream is blown onto paper sheets to create a riffling effect that separates the sheets as they are fed to the printing press.

Agate
A type size of 5 1/2 points.

Agate Line
In newspaper classifieds, a measurement denoting 1/4 inch depth by one column width. 14 agate lines = one column inch.

Air
Large white areas in a design layout.

Airbrush
A compressed air tool that dispenses a fine mist of paint or ink; used in illustration and photo retouching.

Albion Press
A hand operated printing press made of iron.

Album Paper
A wood pulp paper with an antique finish used for pages of photo albums.

Albumen Plate
A surface plate used in the lithography process; it has a photosensitive coating.

Albumin Paper
A coated paper used in photography; the coating is made of albumen (egg whites) and ammonium chloride.

Alignment
The condition of type and or art materials as they level up on a horizontal or vertical line.

Alkali Blue
Also called reflex blue. A pigment used in carbon black inks and varnishes to improve luster.

Alley
A term for a random, coincidental path or a row of white space within a segment of copy.

Alphabet Length
The measured length (in points) of the lowercase alphabet of a certain size and series of type.

Amberlith
Red-orange acetate used for masking mechanicals when photographing for plates. The amberlith area appears black to the camera, and prints clear on the resulting film.

American Paper Institute
An organization that correlates all paper related information.

Angle Bar
In "web-fed" printing (printing on rolls of paper as opposed to single sheets), an angle bar is a metal bar that is used to turn paper between two components of the press.

Aniline
Oil-based solvent (quick drying) used in the preparation process of dyes and inks.

Animal Sized
A technique of paper making which hardens the surface by passing the paper through a bath of animal glue or gelatin.

Anodized Plate
In lithography, a plate manufactured with a barrier of aluminum oxide, which prevents chemical reactions that break down the plate; it provides optimum press performance.

Antigua
An eleventh century Italian script typeface.

Antiquarian
A handmade paper (53 x 31 inches), largest known handmade paper.

Antique Finish
Paper with a rough, sized surface used for book and cover stock.

Antiskinning Agent
An antioxidant agent used to prevent inks from skinning over in the can.

Apron
The white area of text (or illustrations) at the margins which form a foldout.

Aqua Tint
A printing process that uses the recessed areas of the plate; ideal for graded and even tones.

Aquarelle
The hand application of color, through stencils onto a printed picture.

Aqueous Plate
Water soluble plate coatings, which are less toxic and less polluting.

Arc Light
A light source produced by the passing of electric current between two electrodes; used in the production of plates in photolithography.

Arms
Those elements of letters that branch out from the stem of a letter, such as: "K" and "Y".

Arrowhead
A symbol shaped like an arrowhead that is used in illustration to direct a leader line.

Art Paper
A paper evenly coated with a fine clay compound, which creates a hard smooth surface on one or both sides.

Art Work
Any materials or images that are prepared for graphic reproduction.

Art-Lined Envelope
An envelope that is lined with an extra fine paper; can be colored or patterned.

Artwork
All illustrated material, ornamentation, photos and charts etc., that is prepared for reproduction.

As To Press
In gravure printing, (recessed areas of plate hold ink), a term used for proofs showing the final position of color images.

ASA
A number set by the American Standards Assoc., which is placed on film stock to allow calculation of the length and "F" number of an exposure.

Ascender
Any part of a lower case letter which rises above the main body of the letter such as in "d", "b" and "h".

Assembled negative
Film negatives consisting of line and halftone copy which are used to make plates for printing.

Author's Alterations (AA's)
Changes made after composition stage where customer is responsible for additional charges.

Autochrome Paper
Coated papers that are regarded as exceptional for multi-colored printing jobs.

Autolithography
A printing method whereby the image is hand drawn or etched directly onto lithography plates or stones.

Autopositive
Any photo materials which provide positive images without a negative.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



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